[Grading rules]




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International Association
of Akhal-Teke Breeding (MAAK)

The English translations have no legal force.
The conditions in the Russian language
shall be binding and prevail in all respects.


Grading Rules for Purebred Akhal-Teke Horses


I . Special conditions of grading

1. As pureblood Akhal-Teke horses are considered horses, meeting the following requirements:
- their origin (pedigree) is obligatory proved by the immuno-genetic blood expertise.
- all their ancestors are entered into the State Studbook of pureblood Akhal-Teke breed and the horses themselves are registered in “Register of young horses of Akhal-Teke breed”.

2. The first grading takes place at the age of 2 years old: pedigree, type, measurements and exterior. After passing tests at the age that allows objectively evaluate performance (workability) of the horses of this breed, the score of work qualities is added to the grading. Until the age of 7 year old horses are graded annually. The first score for the quality of the offspring is given at 7 years old. Later on the grading is checked every 3 years, upon accumulating of the new information about quality of the offspring and other information.

3. Horses are divided by classes at the following scale, in accordance with the minimum score on separate attributes (table 1.)

Table 1

If a horse gets only 1 score less then the fixed minimum at one attribute, the judge may disregard it and report the horse to the corresponding class, mentioning this correction. This correction is not valid for the horses, not meeting the minimum requirements for the II class.

There are 3 categories in each class.

Special “individual grading list” should be filled out for each graded horse (Amendment 2a, sample in Russian).

II. Pedigree

4. Pedigree of horses is rated based on the information about classes of their ancestors and value (quality) of their parents.
4.1. The influence of ancestors on expression of attributes in their descendents differs, so the number of ELITE ancestors in the III line of the pedigree has coefficient 1, the number of ELITE ancestors in the II line of pedigree has coefficient 1,5 and in the I line of pedigree – coefficient 2 (table 2).

Table 2

4.2. The following points could be added to the minimum score for the pedigree:
à) 0,5 points, if the sire is rated for the quality of descendants 8 points.
á) 1 point, if the side is rated 9 and more points for the quality of descendants.
â) 0,5 points, if the dam is rated 9 points for the quality of descendants
ã) 1 point, if the dam is rated 10 points for the quality of descendants.
The score is lowered on:
à) 0,5 points, if the sire if rated 6 points for the quality of descendants
á) 1 point, if the sire if rated 5 points for the quality of descendants
â) 2 points, if the sire if rated less than 5 points for the quality of descendants

III. Type

5. Expression of the type of Akhal-Teke horse is one of the basic selection attributes, so it gets special attention.
The quality of exterior may alter the score for the type a lot, but there are certain attributes bases on those the opinion about the type of Akhal-Teke horse is done:
- Outline of head and neck
- Shape of eyes
- Length of head
- Well-muscled lower jaw
- Ears length and carriage
- Way the head is set on the neck
- Neck form
- Way the neck is set (angle) and length of the neck
- Body proportions
- Chest form
- Croup form
- Tail set
- Hair-cover (presence/absence of hairy heels, thick mane, forelock and tail)
(Description of characteristic type of Akhal-Teke horse is given in Amendment1)

Taken as drawbacks could be:
Short, wide set up ears, flat forehead, short head, expressed dish-nosed profile, small round eye, meaty lower jaw, short poll and neck, significant hair coverage, high tail set, short “pants” (gaskin muscles), barrel-like chest

The type is rated at the following scale (Table 3):

Table 3



Rating of measurements is done according to the scale set up for Akhal-Teke breed with corrections for the age of horses. The final score for measurements is derived from the average meaning of the sum of points for each measurement (table 4).

Table 4

When judging horses of 3,5 years old and younger, the measurement requirements are lowered according to the age. (Table 5, omitted)
Addition: The requirement for the chest girth measurement of horses in training is lowered for 5 cm.

Both too extended and too shorten bodies (comparing to the average format index) get penalty points in accordance with the table 6.

Table 6



6. All points of the horse are divided into 3 groups:

First group: head, poll, neck, chest (withers, shoulder, upper arm), back (back, loins), croup.
Second group: front legs (conformation and building), hint legs (conformation and building)
Third group: general impression (harmonious, type of constitution)

/Sample of the Exterior and Constitution grading form is presented as amendment 2b, in Russian/

The “points of the horse” are rated in the following way: each “point of the horse” gets a score from 1 to 4, depending on expression of the attribute. 1 point – attribute is badly expressed; 2 points – satisfactory; 3 points – good; 4 points – excellent. Then the scores for each point of the horse are summarized (the maximum sum is 60). The general rating point is given depending on the summarized number (table 7).

Table 7



7. Performance is rated upon the documents about results of stud and hippodrome tests, endurance and classic sport competitions.
7.1. Rating of racing performance (omitted)
7.2. Rating of classic sport performance (omitted)
7.3 Rating of performance in endurance and long-distance races (omitted)


Rating of the quality of descendants is done based upon all offspring, received and raised under proper norms and conditions: for stallions – upon at least 10 heads, for mares – upon at least three graded foals.
The quality of offspring of sires and dams is estimated on the base of grading data and of direct check-up of the offspring by a grading specialist.
Breeding stallions get the following number of points, depending on the results of centralized rating of the quality of descendants (table 9):

Table 9

The score is corrected, if in a comparison with the dams of the offspring, the sire has the following differences in rating:
From +1,01 to +4,0 points – raised on 1 point
From 0 to +1,00 points – raised on 0,5 point
From 0 to –1,00 points – lowered on 0,5 point
From – 1,01 to –4 áàëëà – lowered on 1 point

Breeding mares get the following scores:
1. All Elite class offspring, important part of descendants is meant or used in stud breeding, including outstanding sires and dams – 9-10 points
2. Mostly Elite class offspring (75%) – 8 points.
3. Elite class offspring 50% – 7 points,
4. Mostly First class offspring (75%) – 6 points,
5. First class offspring (50%) – 5 points,
6. Mostly second class offspring – 4 & less points
The score is raised on 0.5 point for each descendant who's become Champion of National and International shows.

Amendment 1 (Top)

Description of characteristic type and exterior of Akhal-Teke horse

Head: light, dry with wide lean lower jaw, straight profile or with convex forehead, prolonged facial part; big eyes with special slanting shape (slant-eyed) and overhanging superciliary arches; thin, mobile, high set up ears; thin lips and nostrils; long, wide poll.
The head is set on the neck at acute angle.
Neck: high set, long, straight or S-arched, round in cross-section, flexible.

The withers: high, long, well-muscled.
The shoulder: long, slant set, with well-developed muscles
The upper arm: with normal slope, well-muscled
The chest: deep, wider behind shoulders, oval form, with long false ribs.
The back and loins: even, relatively wide, may be with some insignificant lengthiness
The croup: with normal slope, sometime a bit slopping, wide, long, and with strong muscles lowering well down to gaskin.
The tail: low and deep set, often practically hair-less at the dock

Legs: lean, long with well-developed joints and firm well-shown tendons, small strongly built hooves. The legs stand parallel to each other, feather are absence or very insignificantly present.

Muscles: flat, dense with long fibers

Coat: thin, silky, light main and tail, forelock and feather are absent or insignificantly present.
Movements: spacey, flexible, elastic, with good impulse, comfortable for rider at all gates; strong, flexible jump at flat trajectory and good style.

Colors: big variety of colors from black to cream, often with typical metallic shine – golden and silver.
Expressed markings/spots could be met, similar to tobiano.

Amendment 2a (Top)

Sample of the Individual Grading List, in Russian

Amendment 2b (Top)

Sample of the Exterior and Constitution grading form, in Russian


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