English translations have no legal force.
The conditions in the Russian language
shall be binding and prevail in all respects.
Grading Rules for
Purebred Akhal-Teke Horses
I . Special conditions
1. As pureblood
Akhal-Teke horses are considered horses, meeting the following requirements:
- their origin (pedigree) is obligatory proved by the immuno-genetic
- all their ancestors are entered into the State Studbook of pureblood
Akhal-Teke breed and the horses themselves are registered in “Register
of young horses of Akhal-Teke breed”.
2. The first grading takes place at the age of 2 years old: pedigree,
type, measurements and exterior. After passing tests at the age that
allows objectively evaluate performance (workability) of the horses
of this breed, the score of work qualities is added to the grading.
Until the age of 7 year old horses are graded annually. The first score
for the quality of the offspring is given at 7 years old. Later on the
grading is checked every 3 years, upon accumulating of the new information
about quality of the offspring and other information.
3. Horses are
divided by classes at the following scale, in accordance with the minimum
score on separate attributes (table 1.)
If a horse
gets only 1 score less then the fixed minimum at one attribute, the
judge may disregard it and report the horse to the corresponding class,
mentioning this correction. This correction is not valid for the horses,
not meeting the minimum requirements for the II class.
of horses is rated based on the information about classes of their ancestors
and value (quality) of their parents.
4.1. The influence of ancestors on expression of attributes in their
descendents differs, so the number of ELITE ancestors in the III line
of the pedigree has coefficient 1, the number of ELITE ancestors in
the II line of pedigree has coefficient 1,5 and in the I line of pedigree
– coefficient 2 (table 2).
4.2. The following
points could be added to the minimum score for the pedigree:
à) 0,5 points, if the sire is rated for the quality of descendants 8
á) 1 point, if the side is rated 9 and more points for the quality of
â) 0,5 points, if the dam is rated 9 points for the quality of descendants
ã) 1 point, if the dam is rated 10 points for the quality of descendants.
The score is lowered on:
à) 0,5 points, if the sire if rated 6 points for the quality of descendants
á) 1 point, if the sire if rated 5 points for the quality of descendants
â) 2 points, if the sire if rated less than 5 points for the quality
of the type of Akhal-Teke horse is one of the basic selection attributes,
so it gets special attention.
The quality of exterior may alter the score for the type a lot, but
there are certain attributes bases on those the opinion about the type
of Akhal-Teke horse is done:
- Outline of head and neck
- Shape of eyes
- Length of head
- Well-muscled lower jaw
- Ears length and carriage
- Way the head is set on the neck
- Neck form
- Way the neck is set (angle) and length of the neck
- Body proportions
- Chest form
- Croup form
- Tail set
- Hair-cover (presence/absence of hairy heels, thick mane, forelock
(Description of characteristic
type of Akhal-Teke horse is given in Amendment1)
Taken as drawbacks
Short, wide set up
ears, flat forehead, short head, expressed dish-nosed profile, small
round eye, meaty lower jaw, short poll and neck, significant hair coverage,
high tail set, short “pants” (gaskin muscles), barrel-like chest
The type is
rated at the following scale (Table 3):
Rating of measurements
is done according to the scale set up for Akhal-Teke breed with corrections
for the age of horses. The final score for measurements is derived from
the average meaning of the sum of points for each measurement (table
horses of 3,5 years old and younger, the measurement requirements are
lowered according to the age. (Table 5, omitted)
Addition: The requirement for the chest girth measurement of horses
in training is lowered for 5 cm.
Both too extended and too shorten bodies (comparing to the average format
index) get penalty points in accordance with the table 6.
6. All points
of the horse are divided into 3 groups:
First group: head, poll, neck, chest (withers, shoulder, upper arm),
back (back, loins), croup.
Second group: front legs (conformation and building), hint legs (conformation
Third group: general impression (harmonious, type of constitution)
the Exterior and Constitution grading form is presented as amendment
2b, in Russian/
The “points of the horse” are rated in the following way: each “point
of the horse” gets a score from 1 to 4, depending on expression of the
attribute. 1 point – attribute is badly expressed; 2 points – satisfactory;
3 points – good; 4 points – excellent. Then the scores for each point
of the horse are summarized (the maximum sum is 60). The general rating
point is given depending on the summarized number (table 7).
is rated upon the documents about results of stud and hippodrome tests,
endurance and classic sport competitions.
7.1. Rating of racing performance (omitted)
7.2. Rating of classic sport performance (omitted)
7.3 Rating of performance in endurance and long-distance races (omitted)
VII. QUALITY OF DESCENDANTS
the quality of descendants is done based upon all offspring, received
and raised under proper norms and conditions: for stallions – upon at
least 10 heads, for mares – upon at least three graded foals.
The quality of offspring of sires and dams is estimated on the base
of grading data and of direct check-up of the offspring by a grading
Breeding stallions get the following number of points, depending on
the results of centralized rating of the quality of descendants (table
The score is
corrected, if in a comparison with the dams of the offspring, the sire
has the following differences in rating:
From +1,01 to +4,0 points – raised on 1 point
From 0 to +1,00 points – raised on 0,5 point
From 0 to –1,00 points – lowered on 0,5 point
From – 1,01 to –4 áàëëà – lowered on 1 point
get the following scores:
1. All Elite class offspring, important part of descendants is meant
or used in stud breeding, including outstanding sires and dams – 9-10
2. Mostly Elite class offspring (75%) – 8 points.
3. Elite class offspring 50% – 7 points,
4. Mostly First class offspring (75%) – 6 points,
5. First class offspring (50%) – 5 points,
6. Mostly second class offspring – 4 & less points
The score is raised on 0.5 point for each descendant who's become Champion
of National and International shows.
of characteristic type and exterior of Akhal-Teke horse
light, dry with wide lean lower jaw, straight profile or with convex
forehead, prolonged facial part; big eyes with special slanting shape
(slant-eyed) and overhanging superciliary arches; thin, mobile, high
set up ears; thin lips and nostrils; long, wide poll.
The head is set on the neck at acute angle. Neck: high set, long, straight or S-arched, round in
Body: The withers: high, long, well-muscled. The shoulder: long, slant set, with well-developed muscles The upper arm: with normal slope, well-muscled The chest: deep, wider behind shoulders, oval form, with long
false ribs. The back and loins: even, relatively wide, may be with some
insignificant lengthiness The croup: with normal slope, sometime a bit slopping, wide,
long, and with strong muscles lowering well down to gaskin. The tail: low and deep set, often practically hair-less at
lean, long with well-developed joints and firm well-shown tendons, small
strongly built hooves. The legs stand parallel to each other, feather
are absence or very insignificantly present.
flat, dense with long fibers
thin, silky, light main and tail, forelock and feather are absent or
Movements: spacey, flexible, elastic, with good impulse, comfortable
for rider at all gates; strong, flexible jump at flat trajectory and
variety of colors from black to cream, often with typical metallic shine
– golden and silver.
Expressed markings/spots could be met, similar to tobiano.